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The most famous today is Gammer Gurton's Needle (c 1550-1).The most famous in their time were Thomas Legge's Richardus Tertius (1578-9), which was probably known to Shakespeare; Edward Forcett's Pedantius (1580-1); and George Ruggle's Ignoramus (1614-15).
The plays were also noticed by political correspondents, including Guzmn de Silva, am- bassador from Spain in 1563-4, and John Chamberlain, the famous letter-writer who is an important source for the history of England in the first half of the seventeenth century.In 1575 William Soone composed a description of Cambridge and its college plays which was printed on the back of the Braun and Hogenberg map of Cambridge in the Latin, French, and German editions, thus spreading the fame of the town and its drama throughout Europe (Appendix 3).Cambridge plays attracted national 704 OVERVIEW attention and aroused controversy on several occasions, never more than in 1614-15, in response to George Ruggle's satirical attack on common lawyers in Ignoramus: repercussions from the performance lasted for decades, and the word 'ignoramus' gained a permanent foothold in the English language (Appendixes 4, 5).Although the London professional stage is not a focus of this volume, it is well to keep in mind that Cambridge nourished Thomas Preston, the apparent author of Cambyses, as well as Christopher Marlowe, Thomas Nash, Robert Greene, and a host of minor playwrights (Appendix 16).Records of Early English Drama 2 Editorial Apparatus PLEASE RETURN TO RECORDS OF EARLY ENGLISH DRAMA 150 CHARLES STREET WEST TORONTO, ONT. ATTN: SALLY-BETH MACLEAN 416-585-4504 RECORDS OF EARLY ENGLISH DRAMA Records of Early English Drama CAMBRIDGE EDITED BY ALAN H.NELSON 2 Editorial Apparatus UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PRESS TORONTO BUFFALO LONDON Contents VOLUME 2 INTRODUCTION Overview 703 Town and Gown 705 Drama in the Colleges 710 Entertainment in the Town Ceremony 729 Cambridge Musicians 738 Institutions and Documents Editorial Procedures 810 Notes 818 723 747 SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY 825 MAPS 833 APPENDIXES 1 Undated Documents 841 2 Post-1642 Documents 844 3 Reminiscences and Allusions 845 4 Allusions to Ignoramus 861 5 Topical Poems 865 6 Cambridge Play Bibliography 886 7 Casts 942 8 Chronological List of College Performances 963 9 College Plays by Non-Cambridge Authors 977 10 Town Plays by Non-Cambridge Authors 984 11 Cambridge Ghosts 987 12 Saltings 996 13 Musicians 1002 14 Joseph Mead's Tutorial Notebooks 1012 15 Music in Cambridge Plays 1024 16 Cambridge Playwrights 1028 17 Synopsis of February 1611 Riot 1030 18 Saints" Days and Festivals 1035 19 Published Illustrations 1038 TRANSLATIONS 1043 ENDNOTES 1197 PATRONS AND TRAVELLING COMPANIES 1261 GLOSSARIES Introduction 1295 Latin Glossary 1300 English Glossary 1330 INDEXES Index of Members of Cambridge University Named in the Records 1391 Index 1437 J Figure 1 Trinity College hall, looking toward the upper end (John Bethell Photography, St Albans) Overview The modern reputation of Cambridge as a breeding ground for musicians and for dramatists, especially satirists, has a remarkable parallel in Cambridge before the civil war.
The purpose of this collection is to make available records through which the nature and scope of drama and secular music in Cambridge before 1642 may be understood and appreciated.
One of the earliest records, from 1314-15, concerns Robert Pipere, possibly a town wait (Appendix 13).
The terminal date, as for all RED volumes, is 1642, the year theatres were closed in London.
Though private Cambridge performances were not proscribed by the act which closed professional theatres, this year nevertheless marked the last performance of a college play before the civil war, Abraham Cowley's Tioe Guardian, staged in Trinity College hall for the future Charles ! Evidence gathered in this collection permits the identification of more than 400 in- dividual college performances between 1456--2 (Appendix 8).
Dramatists identifiable by name include Aristophanes, Euripides, Plautus, Seneca, Sophocles, and Terence from the ancient world; Sixt Birck, George Buchanan, John Foxe, Willelm Gnapheus, Thomas Kirchmayer, George Macropedius, Claude Roillet, Johannes Ravisius, Nicholas Udall, and Hieronymus Ziegler from contemporary Europe and Britain (Appendix 9); and numerous university authors.
Some sixty original Cambridge dramatic texts survive (Appendix 6).