Dating for depressed people
Dating for depressed people - dating leighton
The pain of social rejection lasts longer for people with untreated depression, according to a new study.That’s because the brain cells of depressed people release less of a natural pain and stress-reducing chemical called natural opioids, researchers report in the journal Conversely, when someone they’re interested in likes them back, depressed people do feel better — but only momentarily, the study found.
Our findings suggest that a depressed person’s ability to regulate emotions during these interactions is compromised, potentially because of an altered opioid system.
This may be one reason for depression’s tendency to linger or return, especially in a negative social environment,” said lead author David Hsu, Ph.
D., formerly of the University of Michigan and now at Stony Brook.“This builds on our growing understanding that the brain’s opioid system may help an individual feel better after negative social interactions, and sustain good feelings after positive social interactions.”The researchers focused on the -opioid receptor system in the brain — the same system studied for years in relation to our response to physical pain.
During physical pain, our brains release opioids to dampen pain signals.
The new research shows that this same system is associated with an individual’s ability to withstand social stress and to positively respond to positive social interactions, noted senior author Jon-Kar Zubieta, M. D., of the University of Michigan’s Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience Institute, and a professor in the Department of Psychiatry.“Social stressors are important factors that precipitate or worsen illnesses such as depression, anxiety and other neuropsychiatric conditions,” he said.
“This study examined mechanisms that are involved in the suppression of those stress responses.“The findings suggest novel potential targets for medication development that directly or indirectly target these circuits, and biological factors that affect variation between individuals in recovery from this otherwise chronic and disabling illness.”The researchers recruited 17 individuals who met the criteria for major depressive disorder, but were not taking medication for the condition, as well as 18 similar but non-depressed individuals.
All participants viewed photos and profiles of hundreds of other adults in a simulated online dating scenario.
Each person then selected profiles of the people they were most interested in romantically.
During a brain scan using an imaging technique called positron emission tomography (PET), the participants were informed that the individuals they found attractive and interesting were not interested in them.
PET scans made during these moments of rejection showed both the amount and location of opioid release, measured by looking at the availability of -opioid receptors on brain cells.
The depressed individuals showed reduced opioid release in brain regions regulating stress, mood, and motivation, according to the study’s findings.
When participants were informed that the people they chose liked them back, both the depressed and non-depressed individuals reported feeling happy and accepted.